The proper storage of coconutshas been a concern for manufactures and shippers of coconuts for a long time. Where should they be stored, for how long, and at what temperature are the questions most frequently asked. Proper storage ensures (a) a longer shelf-life of the fresh product without mold, drying out or discoloration, (b) a more uniform product, and (c) better flavor and appearance in the processed coconuts. It is impossible to have ideal storage in all plants, but each one can try to approach the following conditions:
1) Coconuts should be piled above the floor on flats or pallets. This helps keep down insect infestation, provides better air circulation, and helps in the rodent control program.
2) The temperature and humidity should be kept low. The lower the temperature (down to 36oF) the longer the coconuts will keep. Wide fluctuations should be avoided. The relative humidity of the air should range between 45 and 55%, with an average as near 50% as possible.
3) Coconuts should be stored away from other products that would impart odors such as oils, spices, onions, apples, extracts, cottonseed, kerosene, creosote or tar paper. They should also be stored away from high moisture fruits, vegetables, or meats.
4) Coconuts should be piled in lots, and the oldest nuts should be removed and used first.
5) Keep the coconut storage rooms clean, dry, well-ventilated and dark.