The Chinese are credited with having invented the first seeding machine as early 2800 B.C Mounted on a wheelbarrow, it had three spouts through which seed was sown.
In the United States the first seeding machine was patented in 1799. Then in 1840 the machine was further improved; a series of gears was added to regulate the flow of seed down each spout.
The improved grain drills sowed the seed more uniformly, and thereby accomplished a twofold purpose. First, less seed was needed per acre. Second, the seeders were responsible for a more uniform stand, and a consequence, higher yields per acre.
It is reported that during the American Civil War, grain drill salesman offered to take as their pay for the drill the increase in grain yields from 40 acres that resulted from using the drills instead of sowing the grain by hand. At this time two bushels of seed planted with a drill were reported to plant the same acreage as three bushels would plant by hand.
The time saved by a modern seeding machine is tremendous. A man can sow 10 acres per day by hand, but with a 12-foot tractor-drawn drill he can plant 50 acres. Only one-fifth of the time once required for seeding is necessary now.
Just as corn is a native American crop, so also is the corn planter as American invention. Writing of the early American Indians, Captain John Smith said, “the greatest labor thay take is in planting corn.”
The first corn planter was patented in 1828. It was mounted on a wheelbarrow pushed by hand and planted six rows at a time. Improvements in 1890 permitted corn to be planted in check rows, like a checkerboard, allowing cultivation in two directions.
Mechanized planters for cotton, potatoes, and truck crops were developed several years later. Fertilizer attachments for planters began appearing in 1880, when one was developed for the potato planter. Similar attachments to spread fertilizer at the same time that seed is planted are available now for almost all planters, including grain drills.
Grain seeder has several advantages, ie 1. Quite light and compact; 2. Can be coupled with 2-wheel tractors and four wheel tractors; 3. Using the construction of a double disc opener groove type, so it can work on less land clean; 4. Spending more uniform seed spacing and cropping amount (missing hill approximately 5%) 5. Being able to adjust the conditions that are less flat land; 6. Easy to do setup spacing between the grooves and the number of plot; 7. Planting work capacity more quickly; 8. Working capacity of 4-wheel tractor drawn by six rows of plants ranged from 2.5 to 3 hours / ha; 9. Working capacity of 2 wheel tractor drawn with three rows of plants ranges from 4-5 hours / ha; 10. Able to optimize the use of two wheel tractors and 4-wheel tractor which is to reduce idle time.
Machinery of planting and fertilizing corn and soybeans on a large scale
Machinery of planting and fertilizing corn and soybeans on a large scale including High Technology category with 4-wheel tractor towing tractor is mounted (three point coupling), or withdrawn by the two-wheeled tractors, and entered the class implements.
The number of lanes of plants can be set: 4 grooves for corn, 6 grooves for soybean, and 10 grooves for rice. This machine is designed to be able to be used in the processing of an undulating ground (not flat), because it is equipped with horizontal and vertical spring. if drawn by four wheel tractor forward speed from 2 to 2.5 km / h, will be obtained working capacity (0.5 to 0.6 ha / hour or 4-5 acres in a day), whereas if pulled by the tractor wheels two capacities works to be a quarter to a third.