Controlling the Weeds

rotary hoe is efficient way of destroying weeds

We posted about flame weed control and we will post in this about control weed that are intrude on seeds or crops? A sound program for controlling weeds must be based both on preventing initial infestations and eradicating plants. To be successful, such a program must be complete and not haphazard, persistent and not sporadic; and in addition, it must be planted with a knowledge of the life span and the characteristic of the weeds to be controlled.

The easiest and cheapest method of controlling weeds is to prevent them from becoming established. This can be accomplished in large part by (a) sowing crop seeds that are free of weeds, (b) preventing weeds that are present on the farm from producing seed, (c) using livestock feed that is free of weeds or grinding feed that contains weed seeds, and (d) cleaning threshing machines, combines, or hay balers before they arrive on the farm.

If a farmer purchases officially-inspected crop seeds, he has a ready means of checking to determine the kind and amount of weed seed that is present. With this information at hand, he can readily determine whether or not it is wise to sow the seed. If he purchases seed that has not been inspected, the seed should be carefully examined or assurance provided that it was grown on land free of undersirable types of weeds. Farmers will almost always be well rewarded by the increased yields and the lower cost for weed control that are likely to follow when they sow crop seeds that are free of weed seeds. Likewise, combines, threshing machines, and hay-baling equipment should be carefully cleaned prior to their arrival on the farm. All of these machines are excellent carriers of weed seeds, and the time and effort required to clean them thoroughly is likely to be well spent.

It is also important that weeds already present on the farm be prevented from going to seed. It is easy to overlook small patches in grain fields. Pastures, or along fence rows. However, it is well to remember that these small areas can become  source of severe infestations in a few years if nothing is done is done to control them.

 Mowing pastures and waste areas when the weeds are just beginning to blossom is an excellent practice; or; if there is only scattering of them, they may be pulled or cut off just below the soil surface. Many farmers have completely eradicated certain weeds in early stages of their infestation by spending a few hours each year in pulling or cutting them off. More recently, the task of destroying many weeds has been made easier and more effective as a result of the development and use of selective weed killers.

 Certain practices on the farms that may favor the spread of weed seeds should be avoided. Straw, hay, and other feeds that are in fested with weed seeds should not be purchased for use on the farm. Whole grain that contains weed seeds should be finely ground before it is fed. Many troublesome weed seeds have been introduced on farms in scratch grains purchased for poultry. Likewise, when fresh manure is obtained from other farms, large numbers of weed seeds are likely to be introduced with it. Unless the manure has been composted for severl months, a large proportion of the weed seeds that are present will germinate readily.