Breeding is the place to grow and maintain plants until the plants are ready to be planted on the land. There are two ways you can do for nurseries the aloe vera plant in the seedbed and in plastic bag (polybag).
Nursery seedbed preparation
Beginning soil is processed by using hoe until crumbly. Then create a seedbed width 120 cm, height 30 cm and length according to the needs and circumstances of the land.
-Preparation of polybag nursery-
Prepare loose soil and manure or compost, mixed until blended by comparison 1:1. It can also be coupled chemical fertilizers SP-36 as much as 50 grams per m3.
Preparation of planting
Aloe vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed plant growing to Succulent 60-100 cm (24-39 in) tall, spreading by offsets. The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to gray-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on the upper and lower stem surfaces. Therefore, aloe vera can be grown in a narrow area, even on the terraces of house.
For the planting of aloe vera in the land, Get started clearing the land by cutting the bushes, digging roots. Hoe land to reverse the land, then left for some days.
Controlling pests and diseases
One factor that determines crop quality aloe vera is how to cope with pests and disease. Plants will be easily attacked by pests and diseases if the infrastructure and the environment around the plant is not good. During the maintenance period lasts, facilities such as drainage channels, ditches between seedbed need to be organized in order to function properly. Especially when planted in the rainy season. Drainage channels and ditches should be able to drain the rain water or irrigation water out of the garden area.
Worm and snails that are usually attack the aloe vera plant. Control can be done physically by killing worm and snails. Control pests and diseases by spraying pesticides, if the attack was a lot. Use pesticides in accordance with the recommended dosage on the label packaging.
While the disease that often attacks the aloe vera is a stem rot caused by Fusarium sp. Control is to maintain the cleanliness and humidity of the garden environment. If there is an aloe vera plant has been attacked, it must immediately remove and fill in the soil.
The thick fleshy leaves are ready for harvest from the second year after planting. Large healthy outer leaves at the bottom of the plant are to be harvested by cutting close to the base of the plant at an angle. Normally, four harvests are taken in a year by removing three leaves per plant at a time. Harvesting is labour intensive. It is carried out in the morning and / or evening. The leaves will regenerate from the scar and thus the crop can be harvested up to five years after planting. Apart from leaves, the side suckers, which can be used as planting material, is also sold.
Aloe vera is usually used for manufacturing Aloe vera Juice, Gel, Cosmetics and Aloe vera Powder. To make them, wait my post next.
Caring for Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera plants are easy to care for: they need lots of sun, warmth and a minimal amount of watering.
· Place your plant in a sunny, consistently warm location away from drafts.
· Do not over-water your plant. Give it a good watering every couple of weeks. Overwatering is probably the number one reason people are not successful growing Aloe Vera plants.
· Look closely at stems and leaves for any signs of insects or disease.
· Finally, look at the pot and soil. If roots are growing through the drainage holes or are seen at the soil surface, the plant has probably outgrown its pot. If you choose this plant, special care will be needed when transplanting into a larger pot.