Industrial farming is a form of modern farming that refers to the industrialized production of livestock, poultry, fish, and crops, which the machinery and purchased are substituted for the labor of human beings and animals.
Industrial farming views the farm as a factory with inputs (such as feed, fertilizer, pesticides, and fuel) and outputs (such as corn, chickens, and so forth). Industrial agriculture requires huge amounts of innovation in agriculture machinery and their utilization, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic technology, large amounts of irrigation water and creates new markets for consumption.
Properties of Industrial farming:
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop or plant species over a wide area and for a large number of consecutive years.
Pest- Industrial farming has a tendency to get attacked by pests and weeds. Industrial farming relies heavily on pesticides: primarily herbicides, of which atrazine and metolachlor are the most widely used, but also insecticides and fungicides.
Unhealthy livestock- Industrial farming is practiced over large arable lands. This needs a huge amount of livestock also.
Practiced frequently- In United States, almost all major commodity crops are grown under Industrial farming. However the practice of monoculture is frequently discontinued.