H.E. Minister of Marine affairs and Fisheries
Vice Minister of Trade
Session Chair, Governor of Central Sulawesi Province and The Chancellor of University of Tadulako
Chair Person of National Population and Family Board
Representative from University of Malaya, Malaysia, University of Cukurova, Turkey, Mindanao State University at Naawan, Philippines,
Welcome to Palu, Indonesia
Director General of Marine, Coastal and Small Islands Affairs
Other participants, Ladies and Gentlemen,
Assalamu’alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
First of all, we gratefully thank to Almighty Allah, for His Kindness and Blessings, so we all may gather to attend this International Seminar on Maritime and Agribusiness in Palu, Central Sulawesi.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Maritime and agriculture are important sectors for many countries including Indonesia, since it provide many resources and products that needed by human being and it has a vital geo-economic roles for the prosperity of the nation. Maritime and agriculture has also become important issues in many international cooperation forum, such conference of The United Nation of Sustainable Development (UNSD), Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) for the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and etc.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia in conference of UNSD has offered ideas on the need of blue economy in supporting sustainable development. The President has proposed to the world to look into the sea and to raise global awareness on maritime management and coastal resources. This blue economy principle is the ideal avenue to help the world in coping with the climate change challenge, so the world’s development can be integrated and sustained, and in line with the poverty erradication. This proposition had received utmost welcome and appreciation from the international community.
Blue or maritime economy development for Indonesia is necessary, due to its vast sea covering almost 5.8 million square kilometer or about 2/3 of Indonesia, with coastal line of 95,181 kilometers, second longest in the world. Indonesian sea also offers resources potential, including marine fishery, both in the aspect of quantity and diversity. Indonesian sea area covers sea territory, contiguous zone, economic exclusive zone and continental shelf, with abundant natural renewable resources such as fishery, corals, and mangrove, and non-renewable resources such as oil, gas, mineral and other mining materials.
The Indonesian sea has a vital geo-economic roles for the prosperity of the nation in eleven economic sectors, namely fishery, aquaculture, fish processing industry, ocean biotechnology industry, mining and energy, sea tourism, sea transportation, forestry, smal island resources, maritime industry and services, and non-conventional natural resources. It is estimated that the value of economic potential from the Indonesian sea can reach as high as US$ 1.2 trillion, or equal to 10 times the size of Indonesian 2012 state budget. Unfortunately, this huge economic potential is largely untapped, and is yet to be transformed for the good of national advancement and prosperity.
Ladies and gentlemen,
One of the way to achieve transformation potential of the blue economy is through the natural diversity conservation which center in the community and local wisdom along with ecofriendly technology development and applications. This approach is focus on win-win that accomodate the needs and aspiration through consultation with all parties concerned. Though, the approach need to be followed by ecosystem conservation that provide food, business and income for the local community.
Coastal community and fishermen need to be educated on the importance of maintaining the ecosystem by removing short-cut practices in utilizing marine and fishery economic value, such as using water bomb. Other aspect of education includes ways to reduce marine tourism development that neglects environment conservation, and non-sustainable exploration of non-renewable resources.
In order to minimize potential lossess, an integrated research-based sea and coastal management is required to produce new innovations that provide competitive advantage and value-adding to existing potential. Goverment of Indonesia has put a top priority for research and technology development for supporting maritime and agriculture sectors. The area of research covering ecosystem conservation, sustainable fishing, aquaculture, and post harvest technology.
The research has produce the technologies and had been applied by community and industries, however, percentage of technology adoption is still low, less than 5%, so it could not give high contribution for increase of productivity and efficiency. High collaboration and integration among education or research institutions, government and private entities, is required to increase technology adoption by users, including research collaboration with foreign institutions.
We must learn to countries such as Germany, USA, England, Thailand, Taiwan and India, that brings tehcnology and innovation as main engine for economic development. Germany has become the inspirator for energy management and transportation, while the USA and England are excel in weaponery and defence industry. Thailand and Taiwan can become developed countries in agriculture sector, estate and processed product. India is the main actor in communication and information technology.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
To inrease technology development and adoption, currently, we are encouraging researchers and inviduals to change the mindset of research, not only for publication only but also to produce the products that bring advantages for society/ users. It is hoped that these so-called technopreneurs will help this nation in reaching its goals on widespread prosperity and national intellectual in general.
The Indonesian Law No 18, 2002, regarding National Research System, Development, and Application of Science and Technology, provides avenue for utilization and advancement of science and technology on the community. This Law gives wider room for every individual to develop science through academic research or new innovation, including room for cooperation among all science and technology institutions in developing information network on science and technology.
The massive change is needed in the way we use, develop and manage existing potential, we need strong will and spirit from concerned parties to see our sea as the future of Indonesian economy. As maritime nation, we need to have a unified vision on understanding boundary object, to be focussed on accelerating the sinergy and capability coordination, as the main pre-requisite in achieving the goal of prosper and advanced nation.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Through these are few issues that I want to share and focusing of research, technology, innovation in maritime and agriculture, technopreneur as human resources development, and supported by proper sectoral policies, we hope maritime and agriculture could be as main engine of the national development and the development enabler for the community’s prosperity and welfare. Last but not least, I would like to express my gratitude to all of the participants for attending this seminar. I wish you all have the most fruitful discussion and network in this seminar.
Wabillahit Taufiq Wal Hidayah,
Wassalamu’alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
Minister of Research and Technology,
Gusti Muhammad Hatta