Blawan is one of the four major government owned coffee plantations (estates) on Java. It is located on the Ijen plateau, a place with the elevation, volcanic soils, rainfall, and temperature range necessary to grow some very good coffee. Over the years they've concentrated on shade growing and have begun to plant orange trees among the coffee shrubs. Recently they've even started cultivating strawberries. The following of Blawans products:
Macadamia nuts are the seeds of the fruit macadamia. The macadamia is the hardest nut to crack in the world. There is a pressure of over two hundred pounds per square inch needed to crack nuts. Partly for this reason the price is so high, although the nut is nowadays more affordable than before. The macadamia is originally an Australian nut, discovered in 1857 by the Scottish chemist and physician John McAdam. If you visit the plantation you can see the macadamia tree and the roasting process of the nuts. It is included in the strawberry tour, if not, just ask.
Just only recently orange trees were planted at the plantation, in 2009. They are still in the process of learning. Around 60 hectares of oranges will be harvested for the first time in 2011. The trees are intermingled with the coffee plants and can provide some shade.
Around 80 civets, in Indonesia better known as luwak, at the Ijen Plateau produce Kopi Luwak. The beans are eaten by luwak. The meat of the bean is digested, but the pit remains intact and passes through the gastrointestinal tract. The fermentation in the animal gives this coffee its beloved and exquisite taste. The pits are found in the defecation of the luwak. Then the pits are washed. To preserve the flavor as much as possible, the seeds usually are lightly roasted.
All strawberry products are local and hand made. If you take a tour, you will not only have a strawl over the seven hectares strawberries, but you will also get some explanation about these local made products - dodol, jam, juice and syrup - and, you have the chance to witness the production processes.
Strawberries are not are regular scene at a coffee plantation. It is just five years ago that strawberries were introduced at the plantation. The reason was mainly economic. The yield ranges between 150 to 300 kg per week only.
Both Rolas Arabica Coffee and Rolas Robusta Coffee are 100% made from coffee beans produced at the plantation PTPN XII (Persekutuan Terbatas Perkebunan Nusantara: state owned enterprise). Coffee Rolas is processed and packaged by vacuum packaging to guarantee the stability of the taste and aroma.
Rolas Arabica coffee is a mix of Arabica and Robusta, in such a composition that the coffee has slightly a sour taste.
You can spent an extra day at the Ijen Plateau you have at least some time to inhale the amazing scenery. Especially in the morning, when the sun is not yet at it's highest point, views are terribly dramatic and colours are still bright and fresh.
Source : www.ijenplateau.com