Indonesia’s forests are the second largest natural tropical forests in the world. But illegal logging of this natural resource is being lost at an alarming rate. The Indonesian Ministry of Forestry is committed to implementing specific actions/ sustainable forest management at the national level and has recently endorsed a wide-ranging regional plan to combat illegal logging. Sustainable forest management means the environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of forests for present and future generations. The forest ecosystem is highly complex, and influenced by numerous external factors. Similarly, different forest types in different regions of the world require different sustainable management strategies. For example types of sustainable management strategies in Canada as follows:
- In policy and law. In every national forest strategy since 1992, Canada has set the course for sustainable forest management, supporting policies to enhance forest governance, conserve ecosystem integrity, protect representative forested areas and promote society’s sustainable use of forest resources. The Canadian Council of Forest Ministers has endorsed adoption and implementation of sustainable forest management across the country.
- In planning. Forest management planning is a rigorous, comprehensive and open process in all provinces and territories. Public participation and consultation with all stakeholders are integral to sustainable forest management.
- In monitoring and evaluation. The tools, processes and science-based indicators that Canada has developed to measure and assess sustainable forest management results make it possible to track progress and constantly make improvements. Forest certification complements this approach by further demonstrating industry compliance with international third-party standards for sustainable forest management.
While, sustainable forest management in Indonesia is regulated by INDONESIA FOREST AND CLIMATE SUPPORT (IFACS). IFACS is a sustainable forest management project set up to help the Indonesian government reduce the country’s emissions of greenhouse gases from forest degradation and loss. Broadly, activities include the following:
- Helping communities to make a good living from enterprises with low emissions, so they can avoid forest destruction. In return, communities commit to conserving the forest and biodiversity in their area. The arrangement is formalized by a Community Conservation and Livelihoods Agreement.
- Providing governments with equipment and training so they can conduct sustainable spatial planning, including completing mandatory Strategic Environmental Assessments to inform their plans.
- Nurturing Multi-Stakeholder Forums (MSFs), which are local working groups that aim to promote conservation, as well as transparency and participation in government. Members are from the government, NGOs, communities and businesses.
- Working with MSFs to make Landscape Conservation Plans, which give them the information they need to guide sustainable development and conservation in their districts.
- Training concessionaires in best management practices so they conserve forest and biodiversity in their concession areas. Concessionaires develop Conservation Management and Monitoring Plans, which guide them in incorporating conservation into their Standard Operating Procedures.
Source : various sources, one of them is ifacs