Agrotechnomarket.com - Aquaculture stands for the reproduction, raising, and gathering of oceanic plants and animals in an extensive variety of water bodies such as lakes, streams, and oceans. Aquaculture comprises of plants and animals both freshwater and salt water, under controlled growing conditions. This is a fast growing sector and satisfies at least 25% of the world fish demands.
Normally, aquaculture involves the cultivation of:
- Both micro and macro algal varieties
- Fishes being the most common form
- Crustaceans like freshwater prawn and marine shrimps
- Molluscs like oysters, mussels and other clam species
- Invertebrates like reptiles, echinoderms and
Problems associated with Aquaculture
Aquaculture areas come with a lot of baggage, but the foremost of them is the environment. Fishes release a lot of wastes and other organic compounds which turn toxic over time with bacterial action. These wastes encourage the growth of algae and other microorganisms affecting the balance. Fish wastes can be a good sustenance/ food source for microorganisms (but they could be human pathogens) which then later consumed by humans prove to be a burden. Some infamous cases include the involvement of Hepatitis virus, Listeria, Salmonella. Apart from humans, severe infection of ponds results in widespread fish infections as well. And, once again the result is the same, to be later consumed by humans and widespread illness.
Disinfectants are more of a method than preventive treatment. Aquaculture Disinfectant Diluted in water safely check microbial growth effectively. Out of many disinfectants used like QACs, Chlorine, Aldehydes, etc., finding the right disinfectant is always a task. Safe water sanitation is always essential to Prevent These water borne pathogens.
The main fish diseases which affect yield of fishes and wellness of humans are
- Ulcer, which is an infectious bacterial disease.
- Streptococcosis, that too is infectious bacterial disease
- Bacterial Gill Diseases including
o Haemorrhagic gills
o Necrotic gills
o Fungal necrosis
An ideal Aquaculture Disinfectant ought to be:
- Universal application
- Broad Spectrum
- No negative impact on fish health
- Good bactericidal properties
- Long term effectiveness
- Works against biofilm formations
- Easy handling
- Effective in both fresh and salt water
- No traces should remain in the fishes
- Effective against organic wastes
- Lastly, fulfillment of all national and international quality requirements
Aquaculture Disinfectant is a safer alternative to antibiotics. Aquaculture Disinfectants are needed to Prevent cross Contaminations Between Past and must be reliable to be used in between farming cycles.