The Benefits of GM Crops for Farmers and Consumers - As the name suggests, Genetically Modified crops (GM crops, GMCs, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA structure of which has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Biotechnology accomplishes this by adding new genes from one organism and transferring it to the genome of another. The process of GM can be done in both plants and animals and enables biotech companies to patent the resultant food. GMOs are designed to have a number of desirable traits, including increased yield, defense against pests and drought tolerance. In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations states that one of the benefits of GM Crops is that farmers can produce more nutritious food. GMO foods may have several benefits to consumer health and the general well-being of the farming industry.

The available evidence indicates that GMO food is not harmful to consumer health. However, the health effects of spraying GMO crops with the herbicide glyphosate continues to be a matter of debate. Nonetheless, there is no good evidence that proponents claim crops derived from GM offer advantages to farmers and consumers alike, there is no GM crops causing foods to become unhealthy or toxic.

According to the Non GMO Project, a number of crops are at "high risk" for being genetically modified. These  nine GMO crops are corn, alfalfa, canola, papaya, soy, sugar beets, cotton, yellow summer squash and zucchini. Since GMO technology can improve crop yield that can be viewed as a health benefit but in terms of direct health benefits of these crops lies in the traditional nutrition that they contain. GM crops do not differ in nutritional or health benefits from non-GM crops so including them in diet plan can help consumer nutrition.

The Benefits of GM Crops for Farmers and Consumers

Product Quality

Most GM crops may offer great benefit production such as increasing resistance to herbicides and pests. However, forthcoming GM crops are being tested to offer benefits to the consumer, such as enhanced product quality. For instance, biotech companies have received approval to test GM fruits and vegetables that have improved flavor and texture, as well as delayed ripening. One of them is the non-browning apple. When you make cut apples, they will more appealing since they won’t brown so quickly when cut. This means produce will stay fresh for longer periods of time.

The others is golden rice and soybean. They would provide real health benefits.
Golden Rice is a rice fortified with vitamin A. While, SDA soybean oil is an oil that produced through biotechnology (GM crops) offering one potential sustainable solution to providing the health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids in foods acceptable to be available to the body for use more efficiently.

Nutritional Benefits

GM crops are being developed to have enhanced nutritional content to benefit consumer's health. In development are crops that have genes modified to produce a higher in terms of mineral, protein, and vitamin content. Other focuses on enhancing the fatty acid profile so that agricultural crops produce higher levels of polyunsaturated fats, which offer benefits in protecting against heart disease. Biotech companies are also developing crops that have higher protein, vitamins, and minerals, as well as improved antioxidant content, which may help prevent chronic diseases. Not only does this help you get the nutrients consumer's need, it can also play a significant role in battling malnutrition in the developing country. The United Nations suggests that vitamin A-enhanced rice is helping to reduce global vitamin A deficiencies.
Rice Golden

Insect Resistance

Some GMO crops have been modified to make them more resistant to insect pests. The University of California in San Diego reports that a toxic bacterium  can be added to crops so they are toxic to certain insects, but safe for human use. This can reduce the amount of pesticide chemicals used on the plants, thus potentially reducing exposure to pesticides.

Environmental Protection

Oklahoma State University claims that the increase of GMO crops and animals often requires less chemicals, time and tools than non-GMO varieties. In addition to, it may help to reduce environmental pollution, soil erosion, and greenhouse gas emissions. This can enhance the general beauty and health of the environment surrounding farms and contribute to the sustaining of better air, water quality and soil fertility, which can indirectly benefit well-being for people.

Other Benefits

Biotech companies are trying to decrease potentially harmful chemicals and handle substances that that cause an allergic reaction. For instance, biotech companies have approved a project to develop gluten-free wheat. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye and barley that some people suffered celiac disease. In addition, the U.S. Food and Drug administration cleared the way for GM potatoes to hit the market that have been modified to produce 70 percent less cancer-causing acrylamide than non-GMO varieties.