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Interior Vertical Farming Building Important Elements And Stories

Since the idea of vertical farming is getting popular these days, more and more people have wondered about the interior vertical farming building. Vertical farming is the concept where food can be grown and produced in a soil-less, waterless, and sun-less environment. Unlike the regular farming method that requires land (a lot of them) and also a lot of water, vertical farming doesn’t need all of those. In fact, the plants can be grown inside a building by manipulating the environment to produce the desired result.

Design and reality of Interior Vertical Farming Building


The Main Concept

The world is aging and our Earth is always struggling with climate change (dealing with temperature changes, flood, and drought) as well as feeding the growing population. The regular outdoor farming system won’t be able to keep up because the land is getting rare and scarce. With the vertical farming system, it is possible to grow plants without soil. Thanks to this system, it is possible to perform indoor farming and let it go vertical. 

Constructing the Building 

As it was mentioned before, vertical farming doesn’t need any land or soil because it is grown in a building. In fact, the construction is quite different from high-rise constructions. If it is done in big-scale industries, the people would use automatic procedures and robots to deliver high-density outcome with reduced resource consumption and shorter growth cycle. The automatic systems would control and monitor air circulation, nutrients, lighting controls, temperature, and water cycles.

There are some of the installed common features in interior vertical farming building:
  • Climate controls
  • LED lights
  • Stacked plant racks
  • Automation technology
  • Aquaponics (or the water system)
  • Aeroponics (or the spray system) 
See also: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Indoor Vertical Farming
                What challenges does indoor farming face

These are the crucial features that need be installed in the building if you want a fruitful result. LED lights, for instance, are important to replace the sunrays. Stacked plant racks are crucial to replace the soil – and they act as the bed for the grow. Climate control is crucial because you want to be sure that all the plants get the proper (and right) treatment, temperature, and so much more.

Common Considerations

The construction of vertical farming structure is unique. That’s why there are several crucial elements to consider. For instance, the method focuses mostly on the hydroponic system because it will remove the extra overall weight – when compared to the inhouse soil bed. Because of the hydroponic system, they depend on PVC pipes that have drilled holes on the top and with space. The pipe can also act as the distribution system carrying nutrient-enhanced water.

The choice of material is crucial, such as the steel. It is solid and tough and it is long lasting. When it is coated with corrosion-resistant material, it can be even tougher and stronger. Canopy roof with grates is often the main choice because it supports better air circulation without compromising the main construction itself.

Whatever design and construction of the interior vertical farming building is, it is crucial to have these elements in the building, such as:
  • Gravity beams and gerders
  • Columns
  • Diaphgram
  • Roof canopy
  • Wind and seismic
  • Foundations
  • Lateral system

Some Successful Stories

Some companies have dedicated themselves in the eco-friendly setting by focusing on the vertical farming technology and method. Aerofarm in the New Jersey based company that is designed to be the biggest indoor vertical farm in the world. They have developed a 69,000 square feet construction with the potential of producing foods up to 2 million pounds a year. With the technology and the special construction of interior vertical farming building, they can use less water up to 95% along with temperature and pH balance optimization that is ideal for the growing environment.

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